Annual Report (2003-2004)

CONTENT
GENESIS AND OBJECTIVES 
REGISTRATION RECOGNITION AND APPROVAL
A BRIEF PROJECT PROFILE
REPORT ON WITT ACTIVITIES
FINANCES & BALANCE SHEET
ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS INCLUDING INFRASTRUCTURE & PERSONNEL
MEMBERS OF THE INSTITUTE

1. Genesis & Objectives


1.1 Aims

Waterfalls Institute of Technology Transfer (WITT) was founded on 2nd January 1994 with the objective to undertake scientific research in the areas of technology development, transfer, adoption, absorption and upgradation of technology and in particular environment friendly technologies; and thus endeavour to extend the frontiers of knowledge in the areas of applied sciences.

The activities and functions of the Institute in pursuance of the objective will include: collect, analyse, process and package technological information for wider diffusion; organise training for appropriate personnel engaged in the development and transfer of technologies; and assist, arrange or provide consultancy relating to technologies, in particular, newly emerging technologies.

In fulfilling the above objectives and goals, the Institute provides wide range of services, such as Status and Survey Reports, Analytical Projections, Policy Inputs, Training and Training Manuals, Publications and Updates, Technology Demonstrations, Information Packages, Technology Forecast & Assessment, Technology Adoption and Absorption, Technology Upgradation and Diffusion, Technology Profiles, and also advisory services to in-house R&D units in industry and scientific research foundations.

The Institute strives for excellence in Engineering and Technology; New Advances in Medical Applications; Legal Matters concerning Intellectual Property, negotiations & contracts, arbitration, dispute settlement, privatisation, etc; and Information, including technology source, consultancy, institutions, collaborations, case studies, etc. WITT's endeavour is to remain competitive on one side and on the other efficiently diffuse its findings to a large number of executing agencies, Govt departments and international organisations.

1.2 Members

The Membership of the Institute mainly consists of Founder Members, Executive Members, and Distinguished Members, the total of these three groups not exceeding 72. In addition there could be Patron and Institutional Members, without voting rights.

The Institute enjoys the whole-hearted support of eminent leading personalities in the fields of science and technology, law and medical sciences. Lists of its Founder Members, Executive Members, and Distinguished Members, as on 31st March 2004, are given on pages 44 to 48.

2. Registration ,Recognition and Approval


2.1 Registration

After the formation of the Waterfalls Institute of Technology Transfer on 2nd January 1994, the Institute was registered as a non-profit society under the Societies Registration Act of 1860 and Certificate of Registration was obtained on 15th April, 1994.

The Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Societies, Delhi Administration, Delhi bears the number: S-25859 of 1994.

2.2 Recognition as Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

The Institute was granted recognition initially by the Ministry of Science & Technology (DSIR) for the period 3rd June 1994 to 31st March 1996 and this was extended for further periods of three years at a time. The Ministry has extended the recognition to the Institute recently for a further period of three years, ie, up to 31st March 2005.

The reference number of the communication from DSIR is: 11/304/94-TU-V dated 18 April 2002.

2.3 Approval Under Income Tax Act

The Institute had approached the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance to obtain approval under Section 35(i) (ii) of Income Tax Act so that all financial contributions to Institute are eligible for exemption under the Income Tax Act. The Department of Revenue had issued the approval for the period 3rd June, 1994 to 31st March, 1996 and thereafter the approval had been extended upto 31-3-2002. As per the current provisions of the IT Act, contributions to the Institute are entitled to 125% deduction. The Institute's application for further extension cleared by DG IT(E) Kolkata is receiving attention in the Finance Ministry.

2.4 F C R A

The Institute had applied for registration under Foreign Contribution Regulation Act to the Home Ministry. The Ministry had advised that the Institute may obtain approvals from time to time as and when some contributions are offered to the Institute.

3. A BRIEF PROJECT PROFILE

3.1 Introduction

Technology is the key to development. India has recognised the role of technology in economic development and in fact the very first sentence of the Scientific Policy Resolution of March 1958 reads: "The key to national prosperity, apart from the spirit of the people, lies in the modern age, in the effective combination of three factors: Technology, Raw Materials and Capital, of which the first is most important, since the creation and adoption of new technique can in fact, make up for deficiency in natural resources and reduce the demand on capital".

However, unlike science, technology is traded and sold at prices which market can bear, stretched to the maximum price in most of the cases. Since over 95% of the research and development expenditure is invested in the advanced developed countries, they have a hold on technology; often a developing country buyer of a new technology is unable to get the access to the same; in fact even denied access, on some ground or the other. If one finally gets the same, in some cases very high prices and onerous conditions are attached.

In the last few years, access to technologies has become even more difficult, with new regimes of controls imposed on the transfer. Even relatively simpler technologies are not readily available for transfer due to the criteria of dual use; the possibility of a technology being put to uses beyond the purpose for which it was contracted for. Thus, in the present global scenario technology needs in India and many developing countries are still to be met by imports and often with difficulty and on difficult terms.


Technology development within a country is also riddled with problems of inadequate resources for research and development and much more so at the stage of pilot plant studies or prototype development work. While many engineering colleges and research institutions have come about, there are very few institutions with specialised knowledge in the area of technology transfer. The Waterfalls Institute of Technology Transfer will undertake research and development initiatives in the field of technology transfer.

3.2 Major Areas in the Technology Transfer Domain

Information about availability, sources and services will enable to get better technology or a technology at more favourable price. New technologies in the area of biotechnology, new materials, space applications, telecommunications, etchave made the subject much more of a synthesis of diverse disciplines brought to bear on a specific issue, product or service. Keeping such factors in view, the Institute will organise its workforce and programme in four major areas: Engineering and Technology; Medical Sciences; Legal Matters; and Information.

While publications and reports arising from the scientific research in these four areas will make their own impact, the Institute will endeavour to excel in the projects undertaken by virtue of its expertise in these four groups. Training and demonstrations are obvious types of projects the Institute will organise. It will also undertake specific projects from agencies on a contractual basis.

3.2.1 Engineering and Technology

The broad areas covered in this group include: Environment Friendly Technologies, Energy Related Technologies, Water & Water Related Problems, Capital Goods Industry and New & Emerging Technologies.

a) A list of Environment Friendly Technologies covering the small and medium industries having lower capital investment and the larger sector dealing with aspects of wastes, recycling, recovery, treatment and disposal can be prepared. Case studies involving their potential for wider use can also be collected and documented, after critically analysing and evaluating their levels of efficiency and potential for improvement. Substitutes for ozone depleting substances and new technologies for them could also be studied.

b) Technologies for energy conservation in the conventional areas of power generation, transmission and utilisation could be collected, analysed and disseminated in a packaged form to suit specific end-users. This can also attempt to introduce newer and faster methods of construction of hydroelectric and thermal power plants. Efficacy and appropriateness of non-conventional energy sources in areas such as hydrogen energy, waves, tides, and energy uses in the transport sector can be a major area of investigation. Technology assessment of energy intensive industrial sectors, such as steel, aluminium and ceramics, can also be studied and international comparisons made and technology gaps identified and quantified to the extent possible.

c) Technology development in water prospecting, water recovery and recycling industries can receive high priority. Drinking water technologies to render available water potable could be pursued. Biotechnology applications of water treatment, pricing of water, legal aspects relating to water sharing and technological solutions in this area could be given a very high priority.

d) Capital goods is a critical input in industrialisation. Trends in advances of capital goods can be monitored and scenarios projected to facilitate appropriate choice consistent with the technology adopted. Source directories of capital goods required in specific industry, such as cement, power equipments, auto industry, paper, aluminium and earthmoving machinery can be prepared and comparative analysis of their utility projected. Attention to enhance the performance of indigenous capital goods manufacture can be projected.

e) Recent advances in the areas, such as biotechnology, new materials, non-conventional energy sources, micro electronics, informatics and ocean development have started transforming the technological scenes very rapidly. Assessment of new technology development and forecasting them to end users to facilitate tie-ups could be given priority

3.2.2 Medical Sciences

Advances in medical sciences have been very impressive in the last decade and many advances made are now getting packaged in new black boxes for transfer.

The recent developments in biotechnology and instrumentation are a major know-how area of wide technology gaps between developed and developing countries. The Institute is hoping to play a lead role in this sector.

a) Hospital Services - Acute shortage of modern hospitals for secondary and tertiary levels of treatment and services is being felt in India and in the countries around. A lot of interest in building such hospitals including many by the NRIs, is therefore opening up opportunities for technology transfer. The Institute can assist to collect information on potential investment and services opportunities and analyse to determine appropriate induction of technologies, in particular equipments, and design the infrastructure to ensure a high level of efficiency in the rendering of services at the hospitals.

b) Health Care - This subject covers a wide area and the Institute can focus attention on a need based manner. Technology Information service will be on the channels to alert recent advances and experiences of other agencies in or outside India, potential areas being: immunisation; cold chain in the transportation link of vaccines; early detection of diseases, like cancer, cardiac problems and diabetic complications; developments of kits for self administration and monitoring of stable conditions; technology transfer for such kits for mass diffusion.


c) Drug Delivery System - The Institute can pick up information on new developments in drug delivery system and analyse and investigate its potential users in India and package the information suitably. The Institute can enter into suitable arrangements with eminent experts or institutions in the developed countries to make this channel of outputs of the Institute appropriate and ensure its timeliness.

d) Instrumentation - Advances in the area of eletronics, telematics and new materials have enabled miniaturisation of devices, ability to transfer information of large mangnitudes over considerable distances to facilitate diganosis, and opened up opportunities for invasive technique to be more efficiently carried out on live patients. Computer aided search, evaluation and storing and presenting of data have also enormously increased to the extent of prior and external preparations thereby reducing the time needed to perform surgeries even of a very complicated nature. Laser based instruments have widened the scope of combating human suffering and early recovery and their applications have enabled operations of interior ligaments and tissues including those in the cereberal or other vital organs of the human body. The Institute can identify a selected group of instruments needed in laboratories and surgery, and bring out information packages facilitating the choices of institutions and organisations.

3.2.3 Legal Matters

Technology transfer is a matter of a contractual arrangement between the supplier and the acquirer. Negotiations and contracts are therefore a part of every transaction. Disputes do arise due to varied perceptions or due to changed values following changed circumstances during the transfer process. Methods of resolving disputes is therefore an essential feature to be built into all contracts.

a) Intellectual Property - With the conclusion of Uruguay round of negotiations at GATT, a new regime in the area of intellectual property has unfolded. Consequences in India will certainly involve the amendments to the patent law. Other trade related intellectual property issues will also take a more definite shape. Science and technology cooperation, R&D collaborations and new forms of technology transfer will all get a boost, or jolt depending upon the speed at which readjustments will be made in the entire science and technology system and the economy. Collecting data, analysing of the same, interpretation and forecast will be the action areas to evolve new policy inputs in which the Institute can play an active role.



b) Negotiations and Contracts - Guarantees and restrictive practices have been at the heart of the negotiations to arrive at satisfactory contracts. The Institute can collect case studies and sort the components to different segments of concern in the areas at the stage of negotiation, entering into contract, performance of the contract and the progress thereon. It can also establish contacts with major agencies in the United Nations, private non-profit organisations and enterprises to draw upon their expertise and arrange training programmes to cover the needs of small scale industries, areas of environment friendly technologies and newer forms of contracts for development projects.

c) Arbitration and Dispute Settlement - Disputes arising in technology transfer contracts are not often reported due to various reasons and this therefore poses difficulties in benefitting from past experiences. The Institute here hopes to establish contact with agencies in different countries and collect decisions of courts and categorise them, and disseminate effectively. Even arbitration takes long time and proves expensive, more so for the medium and small industries. Here, new developments including quick disposal measures and other measures for conciliation are recommended. The Institute could review the efficacy of newer measures and bring them for the benefit of the parties. The Institute can also give its expertise and help solve the disputes by bringing the parties face to face.

d) Privatisation - By the turn of the century, the country will see the entry of private sector in many areas which are currently in the public sector. It will see a sharp decline in the role of public sector particularly where its performance is not satisfactory. The Institute could concentrate on the legal aspects relating to privatisation in the context of emergence of new technologies in the manufacturing and services sector, potential areas for privatization, and subject specific reports can be prepared; as for example services carried out by municipal corporations particularly dealing with urban waste.

3.2.4 Information

In recognition of the role played by consultancy organisations in the field of technology transfer, the Institute will also establish working linkages with them in India and abroad. The Institute can add value to the information it will receive, pack it in suitable forms and deliver the packets to specific users and disseminate them when they are more suitable and needed by many other users.



a) Tech Sources - Institute's major activity in technology transfer can be focused on producing suitable technology source directories.

b) Consultancy - The Institute will use expertise and experience of consultants in analysing the relative advantages of different routes of technologies to produce similar products, and encourage them to share their experience with the Institute in the form of case studies for wider dissemination.

c) Institutions - List of institutions with the names of experts available with them, far beyond those that are available in India, can be prepared so that their expertise could be made available to a wide range of users. The Institute will assist them in entering into suitable tie-ups, and where appropriate starting from R&D stage itself.

d) Collaboration - India has already entered into over 20,000 collaborations since independence, of which over 10,000 are of more recent origin since 1981. This information will be suitably desegregated for quick and effective use, and collaborations failing to take off after approval will be monitored.

e) Software - India with its good science and technology infrastructure and a treasure of young talented engineers and scientists, trained at costs much less compared to developed countries, is facing stiff competition and protectionist controls and measures imposed on export of software to them in larger quantity and getting access to the software market in some countries. The Institute will follow these trends and bring up appropriate state of the art reports from time to time.

MISSION STATEMENT

Endeavour to extend frontiers of knowledge in Science & Technology for self-empowerment through dissemination of information.

4. Dr. REPORT ON WITT ACTIVITIES

4.1 Dr Raman Memorial Fellowships

Dr P S Raman, one of the Founder Member of the Institute, passed away in March 1994, very soon after the formation of the Institute. In his life, he always encouraged students to attain academic excellence and high professionalism. In his memory, studentships were instituted for undergraduate students to take interest and pursue a subject of interest to the Institute. In view of the limited response to the programme such studentships were discontinued during the year 1997-98.

In order to attract scholars, the Institute in 1996-97 reorganised the scheme and introduced three levels: Scholarships, Associateships and Fellowships for research awards. Later these were reviewed and four levels of scholarships and fellowships are provided for. They are Research Scholarship, Senior Research Scholarship, Senior Research Fellowship and Principal Research Fellowship. These carry annual awards of Rs 25,000/-, Rs 36,000/-, Rs 48,000/- and Rs 60,000/- respectively.

As on 31-03-2004, the Fellowship holders are Dr S Lahiri, Dr Sumita Pal and Ms Swati Gola; Ms Anju Kumari and Ms Sreeja Menon are Senior Research Scholars.

4.2 Research Programmes and Activities

The Institute's research programmes and activities are derived from the project profile. In order to be able to accept and complete assignments from sponsors, some core activities are necessarily carried out which at a given time may not lead to any output of any specific programme currently in progress. However, the preparatory work by the research and analysis group in each of the WISTA being published by the Institute enables the Institute to keep itself updated with current and contemporary developments. In this process the Institute in consultation with potential sponsors, mainly government departments, submits project proposals involving scientific research activities at the Institute. No doubt, some of the proposals do not result in a sponsorship, or get approval after lengthy internal procedures spread over a year or more. All the same, the Institute has chosen to undertake several studies from the sponsors.

The research activities of the Institute are reported in two sections dealing with programmes completed and programmes in progress.

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4.2.1 Programmes Completed

i) In the field of medical applications arising from scientific advances, the Institute's focus was on Cancer. The Institute prepared a report on research programmes that could be undertaken in a newly established cancer research centre within a specific financial allocation in a year. This was based on review of activities in many other centres in India and abroad as well as visits to research centres in India and organising an interactive meeting.

ii) The Institute organised a study on Indian Systems of Medicine in the Treatment of Cancer. It collected state-of-the-art papers from selected experts in the different fields such as Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Unani. These papers were presented in a specially organised seminar and thoroughly discussed. The proceedings of the seminar were brought out as a publication of the Institute.

iii) The Institute also organised a seminar on Radio Nuclide Therapy in the Treatment of Cancer, focusing on recent scientific advances in the field. Here also experts from different centres all over the country contributed state of the art papers which were discussed in the seminar.

iv) In the field of Renewable Energy, an important aspect of environment friendly technologies, the Institute has made significant contribution in evolving curriculum in teaching in this discipline at graduate and postgraduate levels. In an assignment from GTZ (Germany), the Institute convened two international meetings in New Delhi in 1995 and 1996. The Institute selected resource persons from UK, Australia and Germany as well as participants from Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Sri Lanka. The Institute staff also visited centres in all these countries and prepared background documentation for the two seminars, each one of a week's duration. Based on the discussions, the background documentation was reviewed. The results of this exercise were published as a book with the additional support from the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Govt. of India and widely distributed to the institutions in the participating four countries.

v) The Institute undertook the assessment of technology status in four countries of the Asia Pacific Region, through the sponsorship from UN-APCTT. Based on desk study, interaction with their Embassies in Delhi, correspondence with leading centres in the respective countries, supplemented with visits to some of the countries and regional UN offices, the Institute assembled technology status reports on Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Kazakhstan and the Philippines. These reports have been very well received and appreciated by the sponsors and other Government departments. The Institute alsopublished a brochure on the study of technology profiles and distributed it extensively.

vi) The Institute prepared a report on behalf of the Indian National Science Academy, covering the role of scientific and technological developments in meeting the challenges of Human Settlements in the 21st Century. This report formed the basis of India's input on scientific aspects to the City Summit held in Istanbul in June 1996.

vii) The Institute prepared a report for UN-ESCAP on Technology Flows To and From the Countries of the Asia Pacific Region, as part of their studies covering the region. This report was presented by ESCAP in an international meeting organised by them in 1997 where similar reports of other countries prepared by them were presented and discussed.

viii) The Institute prepared and commissioned several papers on Emerging Aspects of Intellectual Property in the context of India becoming a member of WTO. It participated in important meetings convened by the Government and later organised a special workshop and discussed some of the newer forms of intellectual property protection. The papers presented with the discussions thereon were brought out as a book by the Institute; it is one of the landmark publications on the topic.

ix) The Institute has prepared a Directory of R&D work in the country covering water supply and sanitation. The report submitted incorporates modifications in the light of the observations from the Ministry of Urban Affairs and Employment, Govt. of India.

x) The Institute completed the work in organising an Awareness Programme on Eco-mark. The Institute prepared a report on this meeting and framed three project outlines and had submitted the same to the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India, for funding; two were approved for further study by the Institute.

xi) The Department of Biotechnology had assigned the task of preparing a report on Teaching and Training Intellectual Property to Biotechnologists. The work involved compiling data from different countries as special target groups and their areas of interest in different aspects of IPR. The study also identified the specific programmes being followed in leading institutions in different parts of the world. The terms of reference also included identifying institutions in India where such programmes can be started. A survey of the current status in the country was carried out. The project report was submitted by end of May 1998.

xii) The Institute has prepared a draft report on the measures adopted by other countries to accelerate their technology exports. This has dealt in particular with a few countries like Japan, Korea, Australia and UK and compared them with the measures adopted in India. The report was finalised after an evaluation committee meeting at the Ministry.

xiii) Based on the discussions in the Science Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Urban Affairs and Employment, the Institute had commenced to bring out a WISTA: `Urbo-Tech', featuring new and emerging technologies for urban development. It was expected that data on technological developments in this field would be of interest to Ministry of Urban Affairs. However, since sponsorship could not be obtained, this publication has been stopped, the last issue being dated Jan 2000.

xiv) The Institute is interacting with the Ministry of Law, Govt. of India, and the Department of Indian Systems of Medicine. Both are interested in the subject of intellectual property and have sought inputs from the Institute. Law Ministry has invited the Institute to be a member of their panel to examine provisions of law to ensure compliance with the TRIPS and to examine provisions on Trade Secrets. The Institute has submitted critical inputs to the working groups set up on Intellectual Property under the Chairmanship of Secretary Law, Govt. of India. The final report of the Ministry has already been submitted.

xv) The Institute received approval for bringing out the proceedings of the workshop it had organised on Awareness of Ecomark Programme. This work involved updating the material prepared and also incorporating the points and discussion at the workshop. The work on the book was completed in April 2000 and released in July 2000.

xvi) The Institute was asked by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to submit proposals for funding on two topics: (i) Estimation of Groundwater Contamination due to Hazardous Chemicals and Wastes; and (ii) Abandoned Landfills. The Institute submitted three project proposals on the above subject. One of the proposals titled: Current Status of Instrumentation on the Estimation of Groundwater Contamination has been approved and the proposal will receive fund from WHO. A draft report prepared was discussed in an interactive meeting held in December 1999 and the final report was submitted to Ministry. The Ministry conveyed its approval of the study to the WHO who funded the project.

xvii) The Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India, had assigned project of analysing Emerging Issues in the Domain of Intellectual Property, in particular Trade Secrets, Trademarks and Designs. Designs and Trademarks are protected by specific statutes in the country, but there is no specific Act covering Trade Secrets. In the context of TRIPS all the three are important. The focus was to analyse areas that will influence technology management. A draft report presented to the Ministry was discussed in a monitoring committee meeting in March 2000. The revised report was submitted in 2000 and the work is completed.

xviii) The Institute submitted a proposal to the Department of Biotechnology on analysing emerging issues in IPR in Biotechnology. The Department of Biotechnology had conveyed its approval. This programme involved preparing a state of the art paper on five topics: (i) Patentability in Biotechnology; (ii) Plant Varieties Protection; (iii) Patenting Microorganisms; (iv) Broad Patenting in Biotechnology; and (v) Drugs and Pharmaceuticals. A draft report was submitted to the Ministry and an interacting meeting to discuss the report was held at the Institute in January, 2000. On the basis of the discussion a finalised report was submitted to the Ministry completing a very important study.

xix) The Institute had submitted two proposals to the Ministry of Science and Technology, covering: Valuation of Intellectual Property and Case Study on Trade Secrets. The Ministry has approved both these proposals combining them as one proposal in two parts. The work on this proposed project commenced from April 1999. The Institute has assembled extensive information collected from a very extensive network and has classified it to fit with the different sections of the report. A draft report of the cases relating to trade secrets was assembled. The segment relating to Valuation of Intellectual Property was completed and the report framed. The draft reports were submitted to the Ministry in May 2000 and the Ministry convened a monitoring committee meeting in September 2000. On the basis of the observations a final report in two parts was submitted.

xx) The Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India, had assigned a project of compiling a Compendium of Cases in Intellectual Property (patents) which will be of special interest in science and technology. The Institute corresponded with leading law firms in many countries as well as contacted the distinguished members of the Society in other countries. The Institute submitted the report in January 1999 and this was discussed in a monitoring committee meeting and the final report submitted.

xxi) On the basis of a project proposal titled "Examining Current Concerns and Intellectual Property Rights for Biotechnology Application", the Departmentof Biotechnology assigned the work to WITT. There are ten items included in the study. They are:
(1) Evolving a Sui Generis System for Protection in Biotechnology; (2) IPR in Biotechnology in Addition to Patents; (3) IPR Protection, Concerns in Medicinal Plants; (4) Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property; (5) Genetically Modified Food - Probing Emerging Concerns; (6) Relationship between R&D Investment and Cost of Protecting Intellectual Property; (7) Strategies for Companies to Manage IPR in the Emerging Markets; (8) Patenting Microorganisms in the Growth and Competitiveness of Indian Industry; (9) Transgenic Animals in Pharmaceuticals Industries; and (10) Comparative Study of Protecting Biotechnology in Several Countries.

The complete reports were assembled in four parts and submitted to DBT in March 2002. In addition a summary report was also prepared and submitted. The summary report is available on line in the website of the Institute.

(xxii) The Department of Science & Technology (DST) has commissioned WITT to study the Petroleum and Natural Gas Sector to assess their S&T work and their utilisation. WITT presented the report to DST in January 2004.

4.2.2 Programmes in Progress

a) Programme in the Area of Medical Science

i) The Institute is pursuing the activities relating to work on preparation of Directory of Medical Services, Privatisation of Medical and Health Care, and Medico-Legal Problems in the Context of New Development in DNA Evidence and preparation of state of the art reports based on its specialisation in the IPR field. Specific projects will be framed depending on sponsorship of the work.
(ii) The Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) commissioned WITT to study and prepare a report on "Emerging Technology Trends in the Development of Vaccines and Diagnostics as Reflected from Current Patent Analysis". Further to disseminate the information gathered regularly to the target audience, the Institute will also bring out a monthly issue of WISTA, focussing on Diagnostics and Vaccines every alternate month.
b) Environmentally Friendly Technologies
i) Tracking Technological Innovation. One regular programme in the area is bringing out a bimonthly technology update, now under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India. The Research and Analysis Team selects important and topical items for analytical treatment and for being published as special features.
ii) The Institute is now bringing out a WISTA on 'Environment Audit', sponsored by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The Research and Analysis Team has also explored other areas which can be worked on. In view of the impressive record created by this publication, the Ministry has selected the Institute to be an Envis-Node and placed further responsibilities on the Institute in this area.
c) Intellectual Property

i) The Institute is publishing a WISTA on Intellectual Property regularly as a bimonthly. The Research and Analysis Team prepares state of the art papers on several items which are presented in the seminars and workshops held in the country; these are published in different issues of the WISTA as Special Features. The Ministry of Science & Technology (DSIR) is providing support to this WISTA as a bimonthly and the number of copies printed has been increased to 2000 to cover all recognised In-house R&D Units in Industry and privately funded Scientific and Industrial Research Organisations (SIRO).
ii) The Department of Science and Technology (DST) had assigned a project titled "Commercialisation of Patents in India". This project aims to inter alia examine the factors contributing to the success in commercialisation of patents in India as well the hurdles and difficulties encountered in this field. The study has been completed and the final report is planned to be submitted by April 2004.
d) In-house S&T in Selected Sectors

The Department of Science and Technology (DST) assigned a study to the Institute to examine the achievements of in-house Science & Technology programme carried out by certain Economic Ministries/Departments arising from the Plan allocation for S&T to the departments. Two parts of this study were to focus on (i) the Power Sector and (ii) Petroleum and Natural Gas Sector. The work relating to power sector was duly completed and report submitted in March 2003.

The work in the second sector was also completed satisfactorily and the report submitted in January 2004.
e) Ocean Science & Technology
With the support of the Department of Ocean Development, the Institute commenced a WISTA in the niche area "Ocean Wealth". The research & analysis team had reviewed several emerging areas and published them in this new bimonthly. This is currently the most attractively got up WISTA and is targeted to reach far and wide in the country with a print order of 2000 copies.
f) Service Law
The Institute commenced special work in the area of Service Law. It collaborated in the publication of a Book and organised a Workshop. It plans to organise more Workshops in the next year.

4.3 Publications

a) The first book of the Institute "Newer Forms of Intellectual Property Protection' was published in May 1995. This was in fact the outcome of the workshop the Institute had organised, sponsored by the Centre for Technology Development, Bangalore and co-sponsored by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry and held at the Asian & Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology. This book contains all the papers presented at the workshop, the statements made at the inaugural session as well as the questions and comments that arose during the discussion. The book also contains the full text of the TRIPS agreement. Complementary copies of the book were sent to members of the Institute and the authors of the various papers presented therein. In bringing out the book the Department of Electronics, Government of India, provided partial financial support. Several copies of the book have been sold and some copies are still available.

b) A book containing the proceedings of the International Workshop on Renewable Energy Curriculum held in April 1995 was brought out with financial support from the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources, Govt of India. Several copies were distributed to the delegates from the participating countries. As per the arrangements with the Ministry, over 600 copies have been distributed to various organisations such as: Engineering Colleges, State Electricity Boards, leading in-house R&D units, selected universities and IITs, and several State and Central Government Departments. All copies have been duly disseminated and no stock of this is available.

c) The Institute had organised a Workshop on `Role of Indian Systems of Medicine in the Treatment of Cancer' on 13th February 1996 at New Delhi. The Workshop had 21 papers including backgrounders, and 4 communications. WITT compiled these papers together with the discussions thereon.
The Proceedings have been structured session and system-wise in order to afford easy location and access to a particular system of medicine and the target paper.
Several copies of the book have been sold and demand for this book was regularly met during the year.

d) The Institute had arranged an appreciation programme on Eco-Mark. A backgrounder prepared needed to be updated while bringing out the proceedings. Several papers presented at the programme were transcribed from tapes and suitably edited to include clarifications provided to certain questions raised. The entire documentation was reviewed and re-formatted into appropriate chapters. This has been widely distributed and in particular to offices dealing with Eco-Mark in many countries. This book was released in an impressive function held on 24 July 2000. Demand for the book from abroad continues.

e) Following the study completed for the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research on 101 Cases dealing with patents, the Institute reviewed the matter and prepared a book titled "An Introduction to the Guiding Principles in the Decisions on Patent Law". This carries two important additions as Annexures - (i) the decisions with the Appellate Authority of the World Trade Organisation TRIPS, and (ii) an addenda containing in turn two sections on (a) patentability of biotechnology, and (b) patent examination in business data processing. This book carries a message from Hon'ble Justice K T Thomas, Judge Supreme Court of India who has observed, "the need for guidance has increased enormously ...... in the near future this will come out from the cases that will be decided by the High Court and the Supreme Court of India". This book also carries a message from Justice B P Jeevan Reddy, former Judge of the Supreme Court of India and Chairman, Law Commission of India. Further, the book also carries an appreciation from late Prof P M Bakshi, Distinguish Member of the Institute and foreword by Dr R A Mashelkar, DG CSIR and Secretary DSIR.
This book was published by M/s Bahri Brothers, well known publishers of law books in the country. DSIR kindly gave permission to include the study completed under their sponsorship in the book. This book was released at an impressive function by Hon'ble Justice B P Reddy on 23rd October, 2000 at India International Centre.

(f) In the domain of Service law, the Institute collaborated in the publication of the revised edition of "Guiding Principles in the Decisions of Service Law". This book was released in an impressive function by Justice K G Balakrishnan, Judge Supreme Court of India in November 2003, in the presence of Hon'ble Justice Jaganadha Rao, Chairman Law Commission of India. This Book is also published by M/s Bahri Brothers.

4.4 Reports

a) Previous Reports

i) Proposals for Cancer Research for the Indraprastha Cancer Society and Research Centre in September 1995.

ii) A Report for Indo-Canada Cooperation Office on Intellectual Property in Private Sector and Governance in October 1995.

iii) A Report on Science & Technology to Meet the Human Settlement Challenges in the 21st Century to INSA in October 1995.

iv) A Report on Promotion of Technology Flows of India, To and From Other Countries of Asia & Pacific, prepared for UN-ESCAP in February 1996.
v) The Institute completed four technology profile reports for the UN-ESCAP Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology in their series `Emerging Technology Scenarios - Countries of Asia Pacific Region'. Four reports were on Kazakhstan, The Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.

vi) In order to alert potential users about the availability of such reports and to indicate the capabilities of WITT, a brochure related to the studies completed was brought out. Copies of the brochure have been distributed to many interested organisations and agencies.

vii) The Institute had been commissioned by the Ministry of Urban Affairs and Employment, Govt of India, to prepare a Compendium of R&D in the Field of Water Supply, Sanitation, Solid Waste Management and Storm Water Drainage. Based on the material collected, the Institute prepared a draft report of nearly 200 pages for the Ministry. The Ministry had suggested some modifications which were incorporated and the final report has been submitted.

viii) In connection with the programme that the Institute had organised on Eco-Mark, the Institute has prepared and put together a very good collection of background papers. This compilation has been very well appreciated by the participants. The Institute has been commissioned to bring out the proceedings with the support from the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

ix) A report on 101 cases in the field of Intellectual Property (Patents) of interest to scientists and engineers was compiled on sponsorship from the Ministry of Science and Technology. The background was that following India joining the WTO, the future will see India revising the Patent Act to be in conformity with the TRIPS. So it will be useful for our scientists to know how the court will decide patent cases in future. In compiling the cases, the Institute had assembled about 150 cases from many countries and in particular USA, UK, Australia and European countries. All cases were summarised under the headings: Issues involved, facts of the case, decisions of courts and Institute's observations. The draft report containing 105 cases were submitted to the Ministry. The final report taking into account the observations at the monitoring committee meeting, was submitted completing the project.

x) A report on measures adopted for Accelerating Technology Exports in many countries has been compiled and a draft report has been submitted to the Ministry of Science and Technology. It is expected that such a study will help in adopting measures to accelerate technology exports from India. This report has concentrated mainly on the measures being considered in countries of the Asia Pacific Region, that is, Australia, China, Korea and Japan. In addition, it also contains the position in a few OECD countries, such as Finland, Germany, France, and Italy. It also contains the strategic control measures adopted in UK. The report also contains comparative measures and measures that will be of interest to India. Based on the report the Ministry organised a workshop at the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade which was attended by many Ambassadors from their embassies in Delhi.

xi) A report titled "Current Status in the Instrumentation for Groundwater Contamination due to Chemicals and Wastes", was submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests in December 1999. The study was funded by the World Health Organisation.
The report consists of five sections. Section 1, Preamble, gives an overview relating groundwater quality, contamination process and causes, quality requirements and standards. Section 2 is on Evaluation and Current Trends in Instrumentation. Section 3 is the Compendium of Instruments. It covers estimation of metals, non-metals, other parameters, and toxic gases. Section 4 contains the Observations and Recommendations. Section 5 puts together Appendices, References and Glossary.

xii) A report titled "Probing Emerging Issues in Intellectual Property Rights in Biotechnology" was submitted in February 2000 to the Department of Biotechnology.
The report contains six parts. The first part is a Preamble, explaining special aspects of patenting biotech inventions as well as the emerging scenario in the world, particularly covering Japan, USA and EPO. Part 2 deals with Patentability in Biotechnology leading upto aspects on patenting life and providing typical recent decisions in the courts and texts and examples of recent patents. Part 3 deals with the Concepts and Practices relating to Broad Patenting. Two recent examples and a recent patent on cloning are provided. Part 4 deals with Patenting on Microorganisms. Part 5 deals with Genetically Engineered Plants and Part 6 is on Patenting in Pharmaceuticals and Drugs. This part provides information on protection of confidential information as well as emerging trends in the field of drugs and pharmaceuticals.

xiii) The study assigned by DSIR and titled "Emerging Issues in the Domain of Trade Secrets, Designs and Trademarks" was completed and the report was submitted to DSIR in May, 2000.

xiv) The Institute compiled over 100 cases recently decided on Trade Secret Law, particularly in the USA. This compilation was submitted to DSIR in December, 2000. The cases are grouped in 11 major headings: what can be a Trade Secret; what is not a Trade Secret; measure to ensure secrecy; misappropriation; restriction and covenant; inevitable disclosure; injunction; damages; jurisdiction; liability and other (legal aspects).

xv) The Institute completed a report titled "Valuation of Intellectual Property Rights in Technology Management" and submitted the same in December, 2000 to DSIR. This report examines the concepts relating to intangible assets and typical country perceptions in many countries. It identifies a large number of practical situations in which valuation of Intellectual Property will be of special interest. It also provides the recent theoretical economic models in the valuation of IPR.

(xvi) The study completed under the project "Examining Current Concerns on Intellectual Property Rights for Biotechnology Applications", was grouped into four parts and submitted to the DBT in March 2002.

Part I : Evolving a Sui Generis System for Protection in Biotechnology;
IPR in Biotechnology in Addition to Patents; and
Comparative Study of Protecting Biotechnology in Several Countries.

Part II: IPR Protection, Concerns in Medicinal Plants;
Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property; and
Genetically Modified Food - Probing Emerging Concerns.

Part III: Relationship between R&D Investment and Cost of Protecting Intellectual Property; and
Strategies for Companies to Manage IPR in the Emerging Markets

Part IV: Patenting Microorganisms in the Growth and Competitiveness of Indian Industry; and
Transgenic Animals in Pharmaceuticals Industries.

In addition a summary report based on the discussions at an interactive meeting held on 7th February 2002 was also prepared. This report is available on line at the website www.witts.org.

(xvii) During the workshops on Enhancing Awareness of Intellectual Property for the Export Oriented Industries, the Institute assembled lecture material on four topics and presented copies of the compilation to all participants. The four topics were: Patenting an Invention; Technology Upgradation and Current Patents; Valuation of Patents; and Infringement and Damages. The illustrative examples in the six workshops were from the specific industry sectors focussed at a workshop. These were retained as six reports and combined into a new report for use at the feedback meeting held during the year.

(xviii) The report on "In-House S&T in the Power Sector and Utilisation of Their Results" was submitted in March 2003.

WITT collected data on the existing facilities in the R&D sectors of NTPC, NHPC, POWERGRID & BHEL. The report inter alia had concluded: "The R&D achievements in the Power Sector are very disappointing. The R&D investments are at threshold level to make an impact. The Ministry of Power funds the Central Power Research Institute, most of which are used in building infrastructure for testing. The Public Sector undertakings under the Ministry of Power have neither motivation nor pressure to take up R&D. BHEL which had made a good start is not getting support for R&D from the Power Ministry. BHEL's R&D expenditure has been of the order of 1.2 to 1.4% of the turnover. Major global players spend about 4-6% of the turnover on R&D. In this scenario, India will be dependent on R&D from Europe or USA for many years to come.

b) New Report

The report on "In-House S&T in the Petroleum and Natural Gas and Utilisation of Their Results" was submitted in January 2004. The report has twelve chapters,covering Methodology, Background to the Petroleum Sector, PSU's Achievements, R&D at Universities and Academic Institutions, R&D at Research Institutions, ONGC R&D Institute, OIL Industry Development Board, Value of Output Based on IPR, Technology Absorption and Adaptation.

WITT had collected information from most of the Public Sector Undertakings in the sector and had discussion with their representatives. In fact OIDB is a major agency that supports R&D in their sector and it appears they should support activities in absorption of imported technology as well as in assisting the marketing of their R&D outputs. The report has observed: Most of the organisations engaged in R&D in the Petroleum and Natural Gas sector have not attempted to commercially value their output; perhaps the Ministry should set up a system providing promotional measures to encourage their evaluation and move towards marketing the results".



4.5 Papers Presented and Published

a) The Institute participated in several events during the year 2003-2004 and presented papers or lectures based on its research work in specialised areas. Details of the various events are given in section 4.6.

b) The Institute on the basis of the research work undertaken prepares status papers which are published as special features in the various issues of its WISTA. During the year 2003-2004, the special features published included:
* In the field of Intellectual Property: Designs in Europe (May 2003), Noose Tightened on TradeSecrets (July 2003), TRIPS Responds to Health (September 2003), Impact of Pharmaceutical Patents (November 2003), Balancing Monopoly & Competition (January 2004), Commercialisation of Patents in India (March 2004).
* In the domain of Innovation: Technology for Future Warfare (May 2003), Technology Day (July 2003), Stent Technology Forges Ahead (September 2003), Nanotechnology (November 2003), Sustainable Building Industry (January 2004), Music Industry and Copyright (March 2004).
* On aspects of Environment: Medical Waste - A Burgeoning Problem (May 2003), Environmentally Sound Waste Management and Eliminating Chlorinated Hydrocarbon (July 2003), Auditing Without Paper (September 2003), DRNA Mercury Recovery Unit and An Environmental Audit Design Programme (November 2003), Mercury Pollution (January 2004), Soil Conservation (March 2004).
* Ocean Wealth: Oceanic Quest (April 2003), Planning for Ocean Development (June 2003), Antarctic Endeavour (August 2003), Drugs from the Oceans (October 2003), The Bay of Bengal (December 2003), The Arabian Sea (February 2004).
* In the field of Biotechnology: Tunable Gene-Reassembly Technology (April 2003), Enhanced System Solution Technology (June 2003), Multi Parametric Fluoroscence in Situ Hybridization (August 2003), Protein Crystallisation Technology (October 2003), G-Protein Coupled Receptor (December 2003).
* Vaccines: Typhoid Vaccines (March 2004).

4.6 Participation in Conferences and Lecture Presentations


i) A seminar on "IPR and Their Application for Indian Economy and Business" was held on 17 April 2003 at India Habitat Centre. Chairman WITT participated in the seminar and was a panelist to discuss their theme topic and clarify or answer questions raised.

ii) On the occasion of the World Intellectual Property Day, a special lecture on "IPR in Academic Environment" was delivered by Chairman WITT on 26 April 2003 at the Senate Hall of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

iii) A National Seminar on Patent Protection, Valuation and Commercialisation was held on 28 April 2003 at India International Centre, New Delhi. This was organised by National Research Development Corporation with the funding from the Ministry of Industry & Commerce. Chairman WITT gave the Valedictory Address emphasising the relevance of the subject to both Academicians and Industrialists.

iv) National Technology Day is celebrated on 11 May all over the country. M/s Crompton & Greaves had organised a seminar at Mumbai and had invited Chairman WITT to address their gathering at that occasion on "Intellectual Property Rights - A Necessity for Industrial Competitiveness".

v) Institute of Industrial Promotion (IPI), Rome, Italy had organised an interaction meeting on behalf of International Network for Small and Medium Enterprises (INSME) at Milan during 7-8 July 2003. This was the first meeting of the INSME promotion committee. Chairman WITT, participated in the meeting on behalf of World Association for Small & Medium Enterprises (WASME). He presented the experience of India as well as that of the Asian & Pacific Centre for Technology Transfer.

vi) Indian Council of Medical Research had organised a Consultation Meeting on IPR and Public Health Impact and Strategies during 13-14 August 2003. Chairman WITT was invited to chair the session dealing with "R&D Innovation and Challenges Ahead".

vii) The Seventeenth National Conference on In-House R&D in Industry was organised by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology during 12-13 November 2003. With the central theme "India - a Global Research, Design and Development Platform". Chairman WITT was invited to participate as an Invited Delegate.

viii) A Workshop on Relevance of GM Technology to Indian Agriculture and Food Security was organised during 26-27 November 2003 at India International Centre by Gene Campaign to which WITT was invited to participate and share their expert comments and views.

ix) Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council of the Ministry of Science & Technology had organised an orientation programme for Women Scientists, during 3-13 February 2004. Vice Chairman, WITT was invited by DST to be the Guest of Honour and to inaugurate this programme. The inaugural address highlighted the opportunities women scientists can take advantage of in providing IPR related services to academic institutions and relatively small industries in the domain of Intellectual Property.

x) The Institute for Studies in Industrial Development organised a Workshop with the support from the Ministry of Human Resource Development on 27 March 2004. The theme of the Workshops was "Respecting and Generating Wealth from IPR & Copyright". Chairman WITT was invited to deliver the Keynote Address at the inaugural session.


4.7 Association & Participation in Committee Work


i) National Research Development Corporation had constituted a committee to deal with their Intellectual Property responsibilities with Chairman WITT as its Chairman. The terms of reference of this Committee inter alia included: review the guidelines of the schemes relating to IPR; to advise and recommend appropriate measures on any other related issues.
The work of this committee has streamlined several programmes of the corporation.

ii) National Research Development Corporation had reconstituted its committee to decide on the awards being presented on 11th May, the Technology Day. Chairman WITT has accepted their invitation to serve as a member of the Committee for three years. The Prize Award Committee held two meetings during the year.

iii) The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade had constituted a committee to select senior staff for their project "Centre for International Trade and Technology". The Chairman WITT is a member of this Committee and it met on 20 October, 2003.

iv) The Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre had constituted a Research Advisory Committee of which Chairman WITT is a member. During the year the Advisory Committee held a meeting on 13 December, 2003.

v) The United States Educational Foundation in India had invited Chairman WITT to be a member of the selection committee to select candidates for the Fullbright Scholarship and travel grants. This Committee selects candidates for their pre-doctoral fellowships.

4.8 Professional & Technical Engagement with Organisations

a) NISCOM (National Institute of Science Communication), a constituent establishment of CSIR, publishes a periodical titled "Journal of Intellectual Property Rights". They had invited Chairman WITT to be a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal for the period January 2002 to December 2004. During the year, several papers for publication in this journal were reviewed and recommendations provided.

b) The Ministry of Science & Technology (DSIR) is funding the IIFT to bring out a quarterly news update on Technology Exports. Chairman WITT continues to be a member of the Editorial Board of this publication.

c) Sitaram Bhartia Research Centre is a society registered in Kolkata and having its Research Centre at Delhi. Dr Gopinath, a distinguished member of WITT, is the President of the Research Centre. Chairman WITT is a member of its Governing Council.

d) WIPO Arbitration Panel : World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in Geneva has established an arbitration centre which administers four dispute resolution procedures, namely: Mediation, Arbitration, Expedited Arbitration and Mediation followed in the absence of a settlement by Arbitration. This centre needs experts to work for their panels in administering their services. Chairman WITT is included in their list of mediators and arbitrators.

e) Chairman WITT was a member of a select panel to review and make modifications in operational arrangement in the working of Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute & Research Centre. Chairman continues to be a Member of their Governing Council.

4.9 Workshops & Training Programmes

During the year, nine workshops were organised, six were sponsored by DSIR, two by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and one by WITT in which delegates paid fees to participate in the Workshop.

a) Six Workshops were sponsored by DSIR with a view to enhance the awareness of Intellectual Property Right in export oriented industries. The six workshops held were:

(i) The Workshop focussed on Ceramics was held on 5 November 2003 at the Banaras Hindu University. The Vice Chancellor inaugurated the Workshop and 68 persons participated.

(ii) The Workshop focussed on Glassware was held on 19 December 2003 at the Central Glass & Ceramics Research Institute (CGCRI) at Kolkata. The Workshop was inaugurated on behalf of the Director, by Dr Ghosh and 57 persons participated.

(iii) The Workshop focussed on Polymers was held on 9 January 2004 at Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Chennai. Justice S Mohan, former Judge Supreme Court of India inaugurated the Workshop and 50 persons participated in the Workshop.

(iv) The Workshop focussed on Biotechnology Products was held on 17 January 2004 at Hyderabad in cooperation with All India Biotech Association (AIBA). Dr D Balasubramanium, Director L V Prasad Institute, inaugurated the Workshop and 40 persons participated in the Workshop.

(v) The Workshop focussed on Electrical Appliances was held on 21 February 2004 at Krishna Institute of Engineering Technology (KIET), Ghaziabad. Dr S N Maiti, Controller General of Patents, Design and Trademarks gave the Keynote Address at the Inaugural Session. This Workshop was attended by 67 participants.

(vi) The Workshop focussed on Toys was held on 24 March 2004 at the India International Centre, Delhi, in cooperation with Directorate of Small Scale Industries, Ministry of Industry. 41 persons including leading toy manufacturers participated in the Workshop.

b) Two Workshops on Enhancing Awareness of Intellectual Property in Technical Institutions were arranged in cooperation with one technical institute in the south and one in the north as follows:

(i) The Workshop covering the Southern Region was held on 14 March 2004 at the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore.

(ii) The Workshop covering the Northern Region was held on 18 March 2004 at the Netaji Subash Institute of Technology (NSIT) Dwarka, New Delhi.

c) The Workshop organised by WITT on Service Jurisprudence in Personnel Management on 30 March 2004 was held at India International Centre, New Delhi. The Workshop was attended by participants from various Ministries & Departments of the Central Government, Government of Delhi and a few organisations in and around Delhi. Hon'ble Justice B P Singh, Judge Supreme Court of India, inaugurated the Workshop and Justice V S Agarwal, Chairman Central Administrative Tribunal gave a keynote address at the Inaugural Session.

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 4.10 Publication of WISTA

WISTA is a new initiative of Waterfalls Institute of Technology Transfer to provide up-to-date capsules of information on a variety of subjects of current interest. It envisages that such updates will widen the horizon and open up new VISTAs for application of Science and Technology through innovative skills of experts, particularly engineers, scientists, researchers, doctors and lawyers.

i) Intellectual Property

The subject on which updates of WISTA are being prepared includes Intellectual Property.
The Institute is very grateful to the then Ministers in the Ministries of Commerce, and Industry for their good wishes and appreciation on bringing out updates on Intellectual Property. Special thanks are also due to the Member of the Planning Commission and Secretary in the Ministry of Law for their appreciation of this initiative. The Institute has received the initial reactions from the readers on this subject and this has encouraged the Institute still further to strive and enrich the contents of the update to fulfil its immediate objectives.
With the strengthened network, the Institute is now well placed to review, digest and repackage current trends in the field of intellectual property and make them available to readers. WISTA : Intellectual Property will carry packages on, among others, Scan Around the Globe, Patent Data, Legal Scene, Trends in Case Law, New Trends in Copyrights and Trademarks, and information on relevant Conferences, Seminars and Publications.
The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research has communicated its sanction to support this publication. As per this sanction, WISTA: Intellectual Property will be a bimonthly, a new attractive cover page will be designed and 2000 copies will be printed of each issue to disseminate the information to all recognised in-house R&D units in the industry and all approved privately funded Scientific and Industrial Research Organisations (SIROs).
The Institute has published 36 issues of WISTA: Intellectual Property, the last six of them being No.31 dated May 2003, No.32 dated July 2003, No.33 dated September 2003, No.34 dated November 2003, No.35 dated January 2004 and No.36 dated March 2004.

ii) Innovation

Another subject on which update of WISTA is being prepared is Innovation. The Institute brought out the first issue of WISTA : Innovation in January 1997 and had received messages of good wishes from the offices of the Vice President of India, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Minister of State for Planning and Programme Implementation and Science & Technology and Shri Shivraj Patil, former Minister of Science & Technology. In addition, the three Secretaries in the Departments of Science & Technology, Scientific and Industrial Research, and Biotechnology had also conveyed their best wishes. The second issue of WISTA - Innovation, published in April 1997, carried messages of appreciation from Dr S Varadarajan, President INSA, and the Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forests and the Secretary Department of Electronics. Messages of good wishes and congratulations have come from many Eminent Scientists and Directors of CSIR and DRDO laboratories.
WISTA: Innovation carries packages on Scan Around the Globe, Frontier S&T, S&T for Basic Needs, Technology Development, and information on Institutions, Conferences, Seminars, Publications etc, and covers such areas as Aerospace, Biotechnology, New Materials, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Computers, Building & Shelter, Clothing, Food, Water, Transportation, Environment, Intellectual Property Protection etc. The special features in these issues have received appreciation from readers.
The DST has extended partial financial support to the publication of this WISTA. WISTA : Innovation is a bimonthly, and the number of copies being printed is 800. The support provided is being regularly acknowledged from the issue No. 4 of October 1997 onwards. The Institute has published 37 issues and recent issues published in 2003-2004 were: No.32 in May 2003, No.33 in July 2003, No.34 in September 2003, No.35 in November 2003, No. 36 in January 2004 and No. 37 in March 2004.

iii) Environment Audit

Yet another subject on which an update of WISTA is being prepared is Environment Audit. The Institute brought out the first issue in Jan 1998 under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. This had carried messages of good wishes from the then Lt. Governor of Delhi Mr Tejendra Khanna, and Secretary of the MoEF Mr Vishwanath Anand. It also had messages of good wishes from Shri Shivraj Patil, former Lok Sabha Speaker and Minister of State for Science and Technology; Justice R K Shukla, Chairman Environmental Impact Assessment Authority for National Capital Region; and Mr Dilip Biswas, Chairman Central Pollution Control Board.
WISTA : Environment Audit will carry packages on: Scan Around the Globe, New Technologies, New Products, Audit Reports, Audit Manuals, Legal Scene, special items on Air, Water and Solid Wastes as well as Experts Converge and Knowledge Spreads. In addition, based on the work of the Research and Analysis Team, a special feature will also be presented.

A mailing list has been specially prepared covering several NGOs, research institutes and industrial units in the country.
The Institute has brought out 32 issues and the recent issues published in 2003-2004 were: No.27 in May 2003, No.28 in July 2003, No.29 in September 2003, No.30 in November 2003, No.31 in January 2004 and No.32 in March 2004.

iv) IPR Biotechnology

On a sponsorship from the Department of Biotechnology, the Institute launched a new WISTA specially designed to meet the needs of Scientists and Technologists in the field of Biotechnology. The inaugural issue was published in February 2000 and it carried messages from the Hon’ble Union Minister Dr Murli Manohar Joshi, Minister for Human Resource Development and Science & Technology; Hon’ble Union Minister Dr P R Kumaramangalam, Minister for Power; Dr Manju Sharma, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology; Mr Vishwanath Anand, Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests; Dr R A Mashelkar, Secretary DSIR and Director General CSIR; and Prof V S Ramamurthy, Secretary Department of Science and Technology.

This WISTA carries specific information in areas such as: Scan Around the Globe, Watchout IPR, In Focus, Strategic Alliances, Legal Scene, Experts Converge and Knowledge Spreads. It also carries a “Perspective” and a “Special Feature”.

A mailing list has been specially prepared to include all institutions in the country specialising in Biotechnology, as well as other leading educational institutions and universities.

Initial contract with the Department of Biotechnology is to bring out six bimonthly issues over a year. Thereafter the Department had conveyed its approval for two more years and now it is being continued.

Recent issues published in 2003-2004 are: No.20 in April 2003, No.21 in June 2003, No.22 in August 2003, No.23 in October 2003, No.24 in December 2003 and No.25 in February 2004.

v) IPR for Industry

On sponsorship from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science & Technology, the Institute commenced a new WISTA, specially designed to meet the needs of six specific groups of industries whose products are currently being exported. These sectors are Leather Goods, Sports Goods, Foundry, Locks, Furniture and Machine Tools. The inaugural issue was brought out in June 2000. This carried messages of good wishes from Dr. P R Kumaramangalam, Minister of Power, Govt of India (a Distinguished Member of the Institute), and Dr R A Mashelkar Secretary DSIR and Director General CSIR; and Chairman of the Council for Leather Exports.
This WISTA, has several segments of interest carrying information relating to patents in the relevant fields. These include: (i) Patents for 21st Century Applications; (ii) Alert on Products; (iii) New Processes; (iv) Focus on Inventions; (v) Special Feature; (vi) Institute; (viii) Take It or Leave It; (viii) Knowledge Spreads.
Each monthly issue focuses one of the six different industry sectors and as such once in six months the same sector is revisited. The mailing list for each sector is prepared separately. WISTA: IPR for Industry carries an attractive cover page in colour.
The initial arrangement with DSIR was to bring out 24 monthly issues, covering 4 issues in each sector every six months. All the issues were regularly printed and over 400 copies were despatched every month.
The Ministry has examined the extension of the series for one more year. 12 issues are to be published; two each on Toys, Ceramics, Galssware, Biotech Products, Polymers & Composites, and Electrical Home Appliances.
During the year 2003-2004, the issues published were: 2 issues on Toys (No. 25 April 2003 & No 31 October 2003), Ceramics (No 26 May 2003 & No 32 November 2003), Glassware (No.27 June 2003 and No.33 December 2003); Polymers & Composits (No.28 July 2003 and No.34 January 2004); Biotech Products (No.29 August 2003 and No.35 February 2004); Electrical Home Appliances (No.30 September 2003 and No.36 March 2004).

vi) Ocean Wealth

On sponsorship from the Department of Ocean Development, the Institute commenced a new WISTA specially designed to enhance the awareness in the country about the wealth contained in the Oceans washing the shores of India and to create an appreciation in the public about the work being done by the Government of India in this field. The Department had desired that this should be of a very high quality and should contain colour photographs so that it could appear to be as good as the best magazines produced on the subject in other countries. The Department had rendered very valuable support to the Institute in obtaining photographs and relevant material. The first issue of the WISTA : Ocean Wealth was published in February 2003 and had carried messages containing the best wishes from Secretary DOD, Dr Harsh K Gupta, and Dr S Z Qasim, former Secretary DOD.
The WISTA will carry a Special Feature highlighting an important topic in which the Government is concerned with. The first issue published in February 2003 had a Special Feature "Ocean VISTAS" based on the Vision Statement of DOD.
WISTA will also carry an impressive article on a Research Institution dealing with Oceans in the country. Other special headings included in this WISTA are Watch-Out, which gives information about the new patents taken in this area; Oceanographic Research Vessels; Marine Resources; Coastal Area Management; New Technologies; Energy Scene; Emerging Issues; Legal Scene; Knowledge Spreads; Experts Converge. In addition, this will also carry an important article under the heading 'Perspective' as well as a 'Scan Around the Globe' highlighting major advances taking place on specific issues of interest in the field of Ocean.
During the year 2003-2004 six more issues were published in April, June, August, October, December 2003 and February 2004.
The Department has conveyed extension for the next year as well.

vii) Vaccines

On sponsorship from the Indian Council of Medical Research a new Wista on Vaccines was commenced in March 2004. In this assignment a total of 12 issues on Vaccines will be published every alternate month over a two-year period.
The first issue of March 2004 carried a message of good wished from Prof N K Ganguly, Director General ICMR.
Each typical issue will carry titles of some 25 patents granted recently under the section Patents for 21st Century Applications. 2 pages will report on recent developments in the field under the caption Scan Around the Globe. A Section on "In Focus" will report an important topic. A short 3 - page article will be a Special Feature focussing on a vaccine for a particular disease. This will examine the newer patents issued on the particular vaccine.
The Wista : Vaccines will also report on Technology Transfer, Technology Development, Strategic Alliances, Technology Financing, Experts Converge. It is expected that Wista : Vaccine will alert Research Scientists in the country of recent developments in Vaccine Technology and also inform them about the step beyond laboratory research in commercialising newer inventions in this field.

viii) Other Subject Areas

a) It may be recalled that the first Wista had focussed on Cancer under the title 'War on Cancer'. Starting with the issue in October 1995 a total of 30 issues were published as a Quarterly over a seven-year period, the last issue having been published in January 2003.

b) The fifth subject area was Rural Technology. The first issue was released in January 1998 and the last issue in December 1999. Over a two-years' period 12 bimonthly issues were published.

c) The seventh niche area for Wista was on Ecomark. Only six bimonthy issues were published starting in April 1999 and sixth issue was published in March 2000.

The Institute is looking forward to preparing such Wistas in newer emerging areas of importance on the basis of sponsorship.

4.11 Linkages with Other Organisations

The Institute has established working linkages with several organisations within and outside the country to further the objectives it has set to achieve. These organisations are listed below. Many of these organisations have been sending their publications to the Institute and the Institute is very thankful to them.


a) New Delhi
1. All India Biotechnologists Association
2. All India Institute of Medical Sciences
3. Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology
4. Associated Chambers of of Commerce and Industry of India
5. Bureau of Indian Standards
6. Central Pollution Control Board
7. Centre for Industrial and Economic Research
8. Centre for Science & Technology of the Non-Aligned and Other Developing Countries
9. Confederation of Indian Industry
10. Consultancy Development Centre
11. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
12. Delhi College of Engineering
13. Department of Electronics
14. Department of Ocean Development
15. Department of Science & Technology
16. Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany
17. Export - Import Bank of India
18. Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
19. Foundation for Innovation and Technology Transfer
20. German Agency for Technical Cooperation
21. Indian Building Congress
22. Indian Council of Agricultural Research
23. Indian Council of Medical Research
24. Indian Investment Centre
25. Indian Lead Zinc Information Centre
26. Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre
27. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
28. Indian Institute of Technology
29. Indian National Science Academy
30. Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd
31. Indian Stainless Steel Development Association
32. Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research
33. Indraprastha Cancer Society and Research Centre
34. Institute of Intellectual Property Development
35. International Centre for Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
36. Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt of India
37. Ministry of Law, Govt of India
38. Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Govt of India
39. Ministry of Science & Technology, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt of India
40. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences
41. National Bio-Energy Board, MNES
42. National Council for Cement and Building Materials
43. National Institute of Immunology
44. National Institute of Science Communication
45. National Physical Laboratory
46. National Research and Development Corporation
47. Non-Aligned Centre for Science & Technology
48. Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks
49. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Contemporary Studies
50. Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre
51. Retina Associates Eye Foundation
52. Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science & Research
53. Sri Ram Institute for Industrial Research
54. Tata Energy Research Institute
55. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
56. United States Educational Foundation of India
57. World Association on Small & Medium Enterprises
58. World Bank
59. World Health Organisation
60. World Wide Fund for Nature
b) India (Outside Delhi)
61. Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association, Ahmedabad
62. Bharat Heavy Electricals, Hyderabad
63. Birla Institute of Scientific Research, Jaipur
64. Central Food Technology Research Institute, Mysore
65. Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal
66. Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai
67. Central Manufacturing Technology Institute, Bangalore
68. Centre for Advanced Studies in Marine Biology, Parangipettai,
Tamil Nadu
69. Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai
70. Centre for Technology Development, Bangalore.
71. Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTE-AP), Dehra Dun
72. Consumer Education and Research Centre, Ahmedabad
73. Costed Secretariat, Chennai
74. Enterpreneurs Development & Integrated Training Institute, Kohima
75. Environmental Resources Research Centre, Trivandrum
76. Ganga Medical Centre and Hospital, Coimbatore
77. Gitam Institute of Foreign Trade, Visakhapatnam
78. Indian Centre for Plastics in the Environment, Mumbai
79. Indian Institute of Foundrymen, Coimbatore
80. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
81. Indian Institute of Tchnology, Roorkee
82. Indian Plywood Industries Research & Training Institute, Bangalore
83. Institute of Himalayan Bio-Resources Technology, Palampur
84. Institue of Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai
85. Institution of Public Health Engineers, Calcutta
86. LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad
87. National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur
88. National Institute of Advanced Science, Bangalore
89. National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
90. National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai
91. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
92. National Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Cochin
93. National Ship Design and Research Centre, Vishakapatnam
94. National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI), Mumbai
95. Process cum Product Development Centre, Meerut
96. Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum
97. Solar Energy Centre, Gwalpahari, Haryana
98. Thapar Corporate Research & Development Centre, Patiala
99. Trademarks, Patents, Designs & Copyright Owners Association of India, Mumbai
100. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun
c) Outside India
101. Advanced Science & Technology Institute, Quezon City, Philippines
102. American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA), Washington, USA
103. Arthur C Clarke Centre for Modern Technologies, Katubedda, Moratuva, Sri Lanka
104. Asian Productivity Organisation, Tokyo, Japan
105. Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
106. Bangladesh University of Engg Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
107. British Technology Group, London, UK
108. Central Environmental Authority (CEA), Malegawatta, Sri Lanka
109. Centre for International Industry Property Studies, Strasbourg Cedex, France
110. Centre for International Environment Law, Geneva
111. Centre for Renewable Energy & Sustainable Technology (CREST), Washington DC, USA
112. Chulabhorn Research Institute , Bangkok, Thailand
113. Civil Society Coalition, USA
114. CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa
115. Dag Hammarskhold Foundation, Hoofdrop, Holland
116. Dhaka University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
117. European Patent Office, Munich, Germany
118. Franklin Pierce Law Centre, Concord, USA
119. Industrial Technology Development Institution, Bicuton, Tagig, Philippines
120. Institute for Construction, Training & Development, Colombo, Sri Lanka
121. Institute for Development and Innovation (IDI), Kathmandu, Nepal
122. Institute of Developing Economics, Tokyo, Japan
123. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
124. International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys, London, UK
125. International Intellectual Property Training Institute, Taejon City, Korea
126. International Trade Centre, Geneva, Switzerland
127. International Union Against Cancer, Geneva, Switzerland
128. Japan Science & Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi City, Japan
129. Japanese Patent Office, Chiyada-ku, Tokyo, Japan
130. Kathmandu University, Kathmandu, Nepal
131. Korean Intellectual Property Office, Daejeon City, Korea
132. Max Planc Institute, Munich, Germany
133. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre, New York, USA
134. National Engineering Research and Development Centre for Sri Lanka, Ekala, Jaela, Sri Lanka
135. Office of the Technology Licensing, Stanford University, USA
136. Royal Nepal Academy of Science & Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal
137. Russian Agency for Patents & Trademarks, Moscow
138. South Centre, Geneva
139. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
140. Sri Lanka Standards Institute, Colombo
141. Study in Technology, Innovation and Economic Policy Group (STEP), Oslo, Norway
142. Technology Applications & Promotion Institute, Bicutan, Tagig, Metro Manila, Philippines
143. The Intellectual Property Institute, London, UK
144. The Japan Foundation for Science & Technology Promotion, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan
145. UNEP, Industry & Environment, Paris, France
146. United Nations Conference on Trade & Development, Geneva
147. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand
148. United Nations Industrial Development Organisation, Vienna, Austria
149. United Nations University, Helsinki, Finland
150. University of Georgia, USA
151. University of Melbourne, Australia
152. University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
153. University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
154. World Environment & Resource Program, MacArther Foundation, Chicago, USA
155. World Institute for Development and Economics Research, Helsinki, Finland
156. World Intellectual Property Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
157. World Trade Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland

4.12 Website

(a) The Institute hosted a Website with effect from 1-1-2000. homepage depicts the Waterfalls and the main features of the activities of the Institute. The Hyperlinks provide access to notable details about the Institute and the results of its activities. The Website was throughly revised and enlarged. WISTA is now available online and it is hoped that many other organisations can benefit from the work carried out by the Institute.
The Website address of the Institute is: http://www.witts.org

(b) A seperate and distinctive Website has been hosted for focussing on the Environment Audit specialisation of the Institute. It provides all the Environment Audit issues published by the Institute as well as monthly inputs to the MoEF.
The Website address is: http://www.wittenvis.org

 
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5.FINANCES & BALANCE SHEET

The Institute had carried forward an amount of Rs 2,30,509/- being the excess of income over expenditure during the year 1994-95. During the subsequent years 1995-96, 1996-97, 1997-98, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2000-2001, 2001-2002, and 2002-2003 as well the Institute had income in excess of expenditure. Thus it had assets worth Rs 61,32,494/- at the end of the last financial year. During the year 2003-2004 the Institute had a satisfactory year in realising all amounts due to it and at the end of the year had an excess of income over expenditure of Rs 3,82,707/-.

The balance sheet as on 31st March, 2003 as per the audited statement is presented below.

BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31ST MARCH , 2004

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6. ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS INCLUDING INFRASTRUCTURE & PERSONNEL

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6.1 Governing Council

During the period under report, Governing Council of WITT held two meeting, on 15 September 2003, and 2 October 2003.

6.2 Infrastructure

The Institute is functioning from J-29, South Extension Part-I,
New Delhi with 2700 sq ft of floor area made available to it, 1900 sq ft on first floor and 800 sq ft on 2nd floor. The requisite office equipment and furniture have been procured.

6.3 Personnel

At this stage of development and growth of the Institute resources through projects alone can sustain staff. Even so some purely temporary adjustments were made in engaging the services of a few essential persons, and as far as possible external services were also availed of. Research Fellows and Research Scholars do contribute effectively.

As on 31-03-2004, ten persons at different levels were working for the Institute on monthly honorarium. For accounting and auditing, services of a trained person were being availed of as and when needed. Five experts continue to be Senior Advisor/Advisors of the Institute in honorary capacity or with ad hoc honorarium.

6.4 Other Services

Other services, such as travel/air booking, photography, conference kits and banners, catering, courier, printing, maintenance, etc were availed of from external sources as and when needed.


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7. MEMBERS OF THE INSTITUTE (As on 31st March 2004)

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FOUNDER MEMBERS

1. DR K V SWAMINATHAN
Technology Transfer Expert; Concrete Dam Designer.
Formerly Advisor, Ministry of Science and Technology; Controller General of Patents and Trademarks; Director UN Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology.

2. MRS LAKSHMI SWAMINATHAN
Legal Expert. Former Vice Chairman (J) Central Administrative Tribunal. Formerly Joint Secretary, Ministry of Law; Legal Advisor to many Ministries and Departments.

3. DR K V VENKATESAN
Expert in Oncology and Haematology; Diplomat of American Board of Medical Oncology and Internal Medicine. Consultant to Hospitals and Centres of Oncology at Dallas, Texas, USA.

4. DR (MRS) JAYANTHI VENKATESAN
Expert in Nephrology and Professor of Medicine, Dallas, Texas, USA.

5. DR D H SHETE
Expert in Hospital Services. Medical Advisor to Hospitals and Consultant to Public Sector Undertakings. Executive Director of FIMRO.

6. DR L M PANDE
Expert in Chemistry. Formerly Director in the Ministry of Science & Technology; Experienced in many facets of technology transfer.

7. MR K K MEHTA
Expert in Management. Formerly Regional Director of a German Multinational Company; Experienced in operation of cancer societies and hospitals.

8. MR K RAMANA SUNDARAM
Administrator. Formerly Chief of Administration and Personnel of a large Public Sector Undertaking.

9. MR C D KHURANA
Consultant in Consultancy Services; Expert in Income Tax matters relating to Scientific Research.

10. DR A RAMACHANDRAN
Eminent Technologist. Formerly Executive Director of UNCHS, Nairobi; Secretary DST, Govt of India; Director General, CSIR; Director, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.

11. MR D V S SHARMA
Expert in Construction Management. Formerly Addl Director General (CPWD). Specialist in execution of Hospital Complex and Medical Institutes.

12. DR LEELA SRINIVAS
Director, Cancer Research. Expert in Food Safety. Formerly with Central Food Technological Research Institute of CSIR, Mysore.

13. DR A SRIDHARAN
Expert in Soil Mechanics and Administration of large scientific organisations. Former Adviser, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

14. DR S RAMESH
Expert Surgeon, Specialist in Colo-rectal Cancer. Currently Consultant, Medical Services, London, UK.

15. MR C S KRISHNASWAMY
Rubber Technologist. Formerly Consultant and Executive Specialist in Malaysia for over three decades, on rubber processing and management of rubber estates.

16. MR S S VENKATESAN
Expert in Financial Management. Chemical Trade and Exports; Communicator to industry groups.

17. MR R S SREENIVAS
President, Integrated Construction Enterprises Inc, New Jersey, USA. Expert in Construction Management; Design Engineering Services. Specialist in Environmentally Sound Technologies; and Specialist in Restoration of Monuments.

Executive Members

1. DR M B RAO

Forensic Science Expert. Former Director of Forensic Science Laboratory at Madhuban, Haryana.

2. DR C V HARINARAYAN

Specialist in Endocrinology. DM of All India Institute of Medical Sciences; Associate Professor at Shri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Thirupathy, Andhra Pradesh.

3. DR J DHAR

Renowned Expert in International Science & Technology Relations. Formerly Advisor in the Ministry of Science & Technology. Emeritus Scientist in CSIR.

4. MR J N SHARMA

Educationist. Formerly India’s Representative in Foreign Missions from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt of India.

5. MR SHANTI KUMAR

Expert in Intellectual Property matters. Formerly Jt Controller of Patents and later Director, Ministry of Science & Technology.

6. MRS JAYANTHI VENKATESAN

Social Scientist. Specialist in Communication and Counselling.

7. MR G S SUNDARAM

Electrical and Electronic Engineer. Specialist in Defense Studies; Director, Defense and Aerospace Publishing Services, Geneva, Switzerland.

8. MR K N JOHRI

Director, Centre for Science & Technology of the Non Aligned and Other Developing Countries. Formerly Chief of the International Division of CSIR, India.

9. DR P G S MONY

Director, Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research, New Delhi.

10. MR N K SHARMA

Managing Director, National Research Development Corporation, New Delhi. Specialist in Technology Transfer.

11. PROF B BHATTACHARYA

Dean of Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi. Specialist in Global Trade and Development.

12. MR TIKAM WADHWANI

Expert in Construction Management

Distinguished Members

1. PROF M G K MENON

Fellow of Royal Society. Formerly Member of Rajya Sabha; Secretary Electronics, DST, Environment; DG CSIR; Member of Planning Commission; and Minister of State for Science and Technology.

2. DR A P MITRA

Fellow of Royal Society. Emeritus Scientist of CSIR. Formerly Director of National Physical Laboratory and Director General of CSIR.

3. DR H C VISVESVARAYA

Expert in Engineering & Technology. Formerly Vice Chancellor, University of Roorkee; Director General, National Council for Cement and Building Materials.

4. DR N GOPINATH

Renowned Cardio-Thoracic Surgeon. President of Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Scientific Research. Formerly Chief of Cardiac Department of AIIMS.

5. DR S P TRIPATHI

Former Director WHO; Director General of Indian Council of Medical Research; Director, Tuberculosis Chemotherapy Centre.

6. DR J BISCHOFF

Specialist in Geophysics. Director, Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology. Formerly Senior Advisor of GTZ, Germany.

7. DR ABID HUSSAIN

Formerly Indian Ambassador to USA; Member Planning Commission and Secretary Commerce; earlier Chief of the Division of Industry and Technology, ESCAP.

8. DR R M IYER

Outstanding Nuclear Chemist. Formerly Director International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. Director, Bhabha Atomic Energy Research Centre.

9. DR G WILNER

Internationally Renowned Legal Expert in Technology Transfer. Professor, University of Georgia, USA and Visiting Professor, Brussels, Belgium.

10. DR S SRIRAMACHARI

Specialist in Medical Sciences and Chairman Research Advisory Committee of Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre; Formerly Founder Director, Institute of Pathology Delhi; and Additional Director General of ICMR.

11. DR A F E ZAGNI

Outstanding Irrigation Engineer associated with several World Bank Projects all over the world. Formerly Professor at the University of Southampton, UK.

12. DR N SAMPATH

Expert in the field of Geophysics. Former Scientist at the Bureau of Mines, Government of Australia.

13. JUSTICE V S MALIMATH

Former Member, Human Rights Commission of India; Chairman of the Central Administrative Tribunal of India; Chief Justice of Karnataka and Kerala High Court.

14. DR GUNTER CLAR

Formerly Deputy Head of the Department of Biotechnology, Ecology and Health of the Centre of Technology Assessment in Baden-Wurttemberg; State Commissioner of Transfer of Technology and Expert in the Management and Transfer of S&T.

15. MR N R KRISHNAN

Expert in Environmental Technology. Former Secretary Ministry of Environment & Forests; Additional Secretary Industrial Development. Deep interest in intellectual property and technology development.

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